Dual Apoptosis Assay with NucView 488 Caspase-3 Substrate and CF640R-Annexin V

Dual Apoptosis Assay with NucView 488 Caspase-3 Substrate and CF640R-Annexin V
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668.75 €
Your price with VAT
809.19 €
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upon order
Code
Biot30073



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Provides two apoptosis markers, NucView 488 caspase-3 substrate and CF 640R Annexin V, for profiling apoptotic cells and studying the relation of two important apoptosis events, caspase-3 activation and phosphatidylserine (PS) translocation.

The rate of apoptosis varies from cell to cell even within the same population. As a result, various apoptotic events or markers accompanying the apoptotic process also occur differently among cells. Thus, it is important to be able to detect these apoptotic events on an individual cell basis. Traditionally, caspase activity has been detected either using a membrane-impermeable fluorogenic enzyme substrate such as DEVD-R110, or a fluorescently-labelled inhibitor such as a FLICA reagent. In the former case, cell lysis is required, thus precluding the detection of caspase activity in live cells. In addition, such caspase assays measure only the average caspase activity of a highly heterogeneous cell population at a given time. In the latter case, although a FLICA reagent can enter live cells to detect caspase activity, only the initial fluorescent signal following the application of the reagent can truly reflect the enzyme activity or the state of the apoptotic cells because any detected signal after the initial “snapshot” will need to consider the potential interference of the inhibitor to the enzyme and the apoptotic cell itself.

Unlike conventional caspase assays, NucView 488 Caspase-3 substrate detects caspase-3 activity within individual whole cells in a non-interfering manner. The substrate consists of a fluorogenic DNA dye and a DEVD substrate moiety specific for caspase-3. The substrate, which is both non-fluorescent and non-functional as a DNA dye, rapidly crosses cell membranes to enter the cytoplasm, where it is cleaved by caspase-3 to form a high-affinity DNA dye that stains the nucleus bright green. Thus, the NucView 488 caspase-3 substrate is bi-functional, allowing detection of caspase-3 activity and visualization of apoptotic nuclear morphology.

Also provided in the kit is CF 640R Annexin V, a far-red fluorescent probe for detecting phosphatidylserine (PS) translocation, another apoptosis marker. CF 640R is spectrally similar to Cy 5, but with brighter fluorescence and excellent photostability. The kit provides a convenient tool for simultaneous detection of caspase-3 activity and PS translocation and for studying the correlation of these two apoptotic events by fluorescence microscopy or flow cytometry. The fluorescence spectra of the cleaved substrate and CF 640R are well separated by using the fluorescein filter set and Cy 5 filter set, respectively.

FEATURES

Multi-functional: NucView 488 caspase-3 substrate detecting caspase-3 activity and the morphological changes of cell nuclei, and CF 640R Annexin V detecting PS exposure on the cell surface.
Simple & Fast:15-30 minute staining.
Versatile:Compatible with flow cytometry or fluorescence microscopy using fluorescein filter set for NucView 488 caspase-3 substrate and Cy 5 filter set for CF 640R Annexin V, respectively.
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